Zoological Type Notes --P

Steven Gregory writes (2002.01.12 extract, formatting added).
[BEGIN extract of Gregory email~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~]

... the name of the type has been applied to more than one taxon over time. The two species that must NOT be confused are:

What confuses things is that when Wagler established Pternistis, he called this bare-throated taxon 'Pternistis capensis' based on part of Stephens in Shaw's (1819) 'Francolinus capensis', so if this was quoted in full it would be something like:

This is why Richmond listed the first included species as 'Perdix capensis auct.' i.e. 'of authors'.
Peters' note (1934: 86) that Pternistis afer castaneiventer 'replaces' Pternistis nudicollis of authors, not Boddaert, is designed to catch out the unwary, as the principle of coordination treats all species-group taxa as 'equals' i.e. P. nudicollis can only be the junior synonym of P. afer afer: P. afer castaneiventer is a different taxon. The same is true of P. afer cranchii.

If Peters had copied the citation in W. L. Sclater (1930: 90) properly he would have put
P. capensis Wagl. = Tetrao afer Müll.
in the check-list, and not what he did put -- saving you a great deal of trouble!

Assuming that the above is correct the citation should be:

Wagler's name 'P. capensis' for the first included species is not Tetrao capensis Gmelin, 1789. G. R. Gray lists this name first, with the other names belonging to a taxon only subspecifically distinct.

A certain 'leeway' is given to pre-1931 names, both in what constitutes a valid description, and a subsequent designation.
[END extract of Gregory email~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~]

  • Picus viridis Linnaeus 1758 Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.113

    Primolius type.
    Pucrasia type.
    Comments&Suggestions to Data Steward
    Alan P. Peterson, M.D.
    POB 1999
    Walla Walla, WA 99362-0999

    Last updated 2007.12.09