Version 3.001 (2015.02.15). Home Generic species & subspecies

Richomnd Index -- species and subspecies Complete Index A-Z (large file and most up to date; currently being proofed/corrected).

Richmond Index -- species & subspecies (Under development)

The essential resource here is The Richmond Index which is the property of the Division of Birds at the National Museum of Natural History, Washingtion, D.C.

  1. How to cite these images?
    My current suggestion is to cite this as "Images of the cards in the Richmond Index, Bird Division, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C. accessed via [Date]."
    Copies of the images themselves would be the best documentation of a particular point. This portion of the web site and these link-lists are designed to provide access to the images of the cards in the Richmond Index itself.
  3. The Richmond Index is an alphabetically-arranged 3x5 card Index in the Division of Birds at the National Museum of Natural History. There are two sections: a Genus group name index, and an index of infrageneric names. This section is intended to help with an undestanding of the genus-group name portion of the Index. The Index was initiated by Charles W. Richmond who was its primary compiler. Richmond was a member of the Bird Division and worked on the Index from 1889 (when he was was 21) till his death in 1932. Since then, work on the Index has continued, at least into the 1990's. Cards have been added as recently as this year (2007). The cards are arranged predominantly by alphabetical order. The order in which the images are listed reflects, as much as possible, the physical order the cards were in at the time the material was scanned. When more than one name is primarily referenced on the cards, I try to have multiple individual named links that will all link to the one card containing that name. Departures from the purely alphabetical scheme usually result either from multiple names listed on a single card or from the association of similarly spelled names for example: # Aepyornis Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire,I 1851 # Epiornis Bianconi 1865 A few irregularities appear to result from mis-filing of the cards. Some regions(note particularly the early portion of the "M" section -- e.g. Malimbus) are in considerable alphabetic disarray. We endeavored mightily to not introduce any more alphabetic irregularity than we found, and I am sure that in some instances the sequence of cards as listed is not faithful to the Index at the time we worked with the material. I doubt we were responsible for any large scale disruptions. Varying amounts of information are present on the cards; in their fullest form they include the name, authority, full bibliographic citation, and additional details. Many include information relating to derivation of the names, types, type localities, and even full original descriptions. It must be emphasized that Richmond was particularly careful and knowledgable with regard to publishing/bibliographic details (dates of publication, status of authorship &c.) and while Richmond is not always right, his work is a more consistent, dependable than that found anywhere else in the ornithological literature. In the past, many workers did not consult his Index because of the problem of physical access. More recent workers (since 1992) have not had that excuse; ignorance, laziness, or "inconvenience" must be the explanations now supplied.
  4. For comparison the Peters Checklist Index includes approximatelyv 55000 name combinations.

Comments & Suggestions to Data Steward :
Alan P. Peterson, M.D., POB 1999, Walla Walla, WA 99362-0999

Last updated 2015.02.15