Aglaiocercus kingii caudatus Citation 2014.04.07
Centropus viridis carpenteri Nomenclature 2013.11.26
Leptoptilos crumenifer Nomenclature. 2011.10.16
Megascops choliba cruciger Nomenclature. 2011.10.16
Pogoniulus coryphaea Nomenclature. 2011.10.16
Cardinalis Citation 2011.03.15
Vestiaria coccinea Nomenclature 2011.01.09
Chleuasicus Nomenclature 2010.12.24
Ailuroedus crassirostris Citation 2010.10.02
Amazilia franciae cyanocollis Citation 2010.09.06; 2010.09.20
Myioborus castaneocapilla Nomenclature ....; 2010.07.24
Trochalopteron cachinnaus Nomenclature 2010.07.06; 2010.12.26
Calyptomena Citation 2010.06.06
Foudia eminentissima cosobrina Nomenclature 2010.05.15
Macronus gularis condorensis Citation 2010.04.2published0
Anthus spinoletta coutellii Citation 2010.01.06; 2010.03.28
Leptotila cassinii Nomenclature 2009.12.12
Coturnix Citation 2009.12.03
Cinclus cinclus cashmeriensis Citation 2009.09.20
Conostoma Citation 2009.08.27
Saxicola torquatus clanceyi Citation 2009.08.25
Luscinia calliope Systematics 2009.08.08
Pseudalethe poliocephala compsonota Nomenclature 2009.08.02
Brachypteryx montana cruralis Citation 2009.08.01
Glaucidium castanotum Citation 2009.07.16
Zoothera citrina cyanotus Nomenclature 2009.06.27
Terpsiphone mutata comorensis Nomenclature 2009.06.22
Toxostoma curvirostre Systematics 2009.06.09
Glaucidium castanotum Nomenclature 2009.06.06; 2010.01.03
Cat. Birds Brit. Mus. vol.6 Date 1882 .... (intial note before 2005); edited 2008.12.02; 2009.04.30
Ortalis columbiana Systematics 2009.04.02
Zosterops capensis Systematics 2009.03.29
Zosterops lateralis caerulescens Nomenclature 2009.03.25; 2009.04.18
Garrulax erythrocephalus connectans Nomenclature 2009.03.01
Garrulax chrysopterus Systematics 2009.03.01
Garrulax courtoisi Systematics 2009.02.26
Garrulax castanotis Systematics 2009.02.26
Garrulax calvus Systematics 2009.02.25
Macronous gularis connecteus Nomenclature 2009.02.17
Cyanoramphus Systematics 2009.02.11
Pterodroma leucoptera caledonica Nomenclature 2009.01.30; 2014.03.31
Pellorneum capistratum capistratoides Nomenclature 2009.01.25
Parus cinereus caschmirensis Nomenclature ....; 2010.08.09
Cyanistes caeruleus ogliastrae Nomenclature 2008.12.28
Cyanistes caeruleus ogliastrae Nomenclature
Pitohui kirhocephalus cerviniventris Nomenclature 2008.12.28
Arachnothera longirostra cinireicollis Nomenclature 2008.12.27
Anthreptes malacensis bornensis Nomenclature 2008.12.27
Cyphos Nomenclature 2008.12.18
Arachnothera modesta concolor Citation 2008.08.28
Alauda gugula coelivox Citation 2008.08.19
Anthreptes malacensis celebensis Citation 2007.07.12
Cyanomitra verticalis cyanocephala Nomenclature 2008.07.12
Periparus ater chorassanicus Citation 2008.06.09
Periparus ater cypriotes Citation 2008.06.02; 2008.12.05
Aphelocoma californica cactophila Nomenclature 2008.05.15
Cyanopica cyanus cooki Citation 2008.05.14
Cyanocorax yncas cyanodorsalis Citation 2008.05.01
Dendropicos fuscescens centralis Citation 2008.03.12
Dicrurus bracteatus carbonarius Nomenclature 2008.03.08
Vireo leucophrys costaricensis Nomenclature 2008.01.19
Bleda canicapillus Citation 2008.01.14
Chlorophanes spiza caerulescens Citation 2008.01.13
Acanthiza chrysorrhoa Citation 2008.01.12
Pachycephala cinerea Nomenclature 2007.12.24
Hemipus picatus capitalis Citation 2007.10.06
Chaetoptila Citation 2007.09.21
Cerococcyx Citation 2007.09.21
Coccothraustes Systematics 2007.09.15; 2007.12.28
Philentoma velatum coesia Nomenclature 2007.08.05
Sporophila cinnamomea Citation 2007.07.31
Chamaeza Nomenclature 2007.07.30
Eudyptes chrysocome Systematics 2007.06.22
Xiphocolaptes carajaensis Systematics 2007.06.20
Neopipo cinnamomea Citation 2007.06.16
Chlorospingus Systematics 2007.05.20
Dacnis cayana caerebicolor Nomenclature 2007.05.06
Tangara chilensis caelicolor Nomenclature 2007.04.30
Thraupis episcopus cana Citation 2007.04.22
Callacanthis Citation 2007.04.03
Carduelis psaltria colombiana Nomenclature 2007.03.25; 2007.03.26
Serinus mozambicus caniceps Concept 2007.03.19
Cettia acanthizoides concolor Nomenclature 2007.02.24
Poospiza erythrophrus cochabambae Citation 2007.01.28
Aimophila carpalis Citation 2007.01.18
Melospiza melodia coronatorum Systematics 2006.12.27
Melospiza melodia clementae Systematics 2006.12.26
Melospiza melodia cooperi Systematics 2006.12.26
Psittacula calthropae Nomenclature 2006.12.23
Chalcopsitta Citation 2006.11.09
Cacicus chrysonotus Citation 2006.11.01; 2010.10.24
Lophornis chalybeus Nomenclature 2006.10.21; 2006.10.22; 2010.01.04
Myrmotherula menetriesii cinereiventris Date
Riparia congica Citation 2006.09.29; 2006.09.30
Thamnophilus caerulescens Systematics 2006.09.08
Thamnophilus amazonicus cinereiceps Citation 2006.09.07
Thamnophilus nigrocinereus cinereoniger Citation 2006.09.06
Gerygone olivacea cinerascens Citation 2006.08.21
Certhia Systematics 2006.08.09
Heliangelus micraster cutervensis Nomenclature 2006.08.03
Falco cuvierii Nomenclature
2006.08.02;2006.08.03;2006.08.05;2006.10.15
Phaethon lepturus catesbyi Citation date 2006.07.02
Furnarius rufus commersoni Nomenclature 2006.06.23
Leptocoma calcostetha Citation 2006.06.12; 2006.07.08
Accipiter cirrocephalus Nomenclature Spelling 2006.05.27
Cuculiformes Systematics 2006.04.17
Coccyzus Systematics 2006.04.14
Pterodroma hasitata caribbaea Citation 2006.04.02
Pachyptila crassirostris Nomenclature and Systematics 2006.04.02
Buteo jamaicensis calurus Citation 2006.03.25
Colonia Citation 2006.02.25
Cat.BirdsBrit.Mus. 20 Citation 2006.01.25; 2006.01.27; 2006.02.18
Charadrius leschenaultii crassirostris Citation 2005.12.07
Charadrius Etymology 2004.12.04
Chionis Nomenclature 2005.11.13
Treron calvus Citation 2005.11.07
Pitta granatina coccinea Citation 2005.11.05; 2010.09.05
Malurus cyaneus Citation 2005.09.17 Malurus cyaneus Concept 2005.09.17
Sipodotus wallacii coronatus Citation 2005.09.17
Fulica atra columbiana Spelling 2005.08.21
Neocrex colombiana Spelling ....;2005.08.07
Rallus longirostris coryi Nomenclature 2005.07.06
Coragyps Author
Cinclosoma castanotum Citation 2005.06.08
Cinclosoma castanotum Spelling 2005.06.08; 2006.04.08
Ducula constans Systematics 2005.05.08
Ptilinopus fischeri centralis Citation 2005.04.27
Ptilinopus coronulatus coronulatus Citation 2005.04.25
Ptilinopus purpuratus chrysogaster Citation 2005.04.24
Treron capellei Citation 2005.04.14
Treron pompadora chloropterus Nomenclature 2005.04.10
Chalcopsitta Nomenclature 2005.03.29
Catalogue Mammals and Birds Thibet Publication Date 2005.01.11
Picus chlorolophus chlorigaster Citation 2004.12.19
Capsiempis flaveola cerula Nomenclature 2004.12.17
Colaptes Citation 2004.11.24; 2005.01.01; 2006.01.05; 2006.01.12
Ara macao cyanopterus Citation 2004.11.19
Myiophobus fasciatus crypterythrus Date 2004.11.07
Pseudelaenia leucopodia cinereifrons Citation 2004.11.06; 2005.12.16
Chrysomus Concept 2004.09.29
Touit surdus chryseurus Citation 2004.09.12
Forpus passerinus cyanochlorus Concept 2004.09.11
Eclectus cornelia Citation 2004.08.21; 2008.05.05
Pachycephala cinerea Nomenclature 2004.08.11
Smithornis capensis Citation 2004.05.15
Halcyon cyanoventris Citation 2004.05.06
Pitta erythrogaster cyanonota Date 2004.04.23
Hemicircus canente [Picus canente] Date 2004.03.26
Forpus coelestis Citation 2004.03.12
Brotergis cyanoptera Citation 2004.02.03
Lampornis amethystinus circumventus Spelling 2004.02.09 (RMR)
Dendrocopos minor comminutus Citation 2004.01.29; 2008.05.16
Colibri thalassinus crissalis Citation 2004.01.27 (RMR)
Ammomanes cincturus Citation 2004.01.16
Syanllaxis cherriei Citation 2003.12.26
Anthracoceros albirostris convexus Citation 2003.12.22
Philydor rufus columbianum Spelling 2003.12.14
Synallaxis gujanensis columbiana Spelling 2003.12.06
Cincloides excelsior columbianus Spelling 2003.11.30
Centropus chlororhyncos Spelling 2003.11.17
meleagris coronatus Nomenclature 2003.11.13
Colinus virginianus coyolcos Nomenclature 2003.10.07
Glaucidium capense castaneum Citation 2003.09.06
Coturnix ypsilophorus subspecies Citations 2003.06.25
Perdicula asiatica ceylonensis Author Perdicula asiatica vidali Author 2003.06.20
Cymbirhynchus Author 2003.06.01
Ortalis guttata columbiana Spelling 2003.05.18
Zoothera camaronensis Spelling 2003.05.07
Dryoscopus cubla Citation 2003.05.05
Goura cristata Concept
Eupodotis coerulescens Author ....;2009.07.27; 2010.07.11

Gymnogyps californianus 1797

Peters Checklist 1:277 and most modern works (e.g. AOU 1983 Checklist) cite this as 1798.

  • Earlier workers cited this as 1797, which the publishing history of Nat.Misc. shows to be correct.
  • Correctly cited by the Richmond Index to 1797, and despite initial resistance, H&M 3rd eventually accommodated themselves to the idea of 1797.

  • Caloramphus ....,2004.01.10
    Malurus campbelli authour
    Phalacrocorax campbelli p.133
    Myiopagis caniceps 1835
    Prionops caniceps 1850
    Melierax canorus Author
    Treron capellei 1822

    Sterna caspia

    Not in Peters Checklist Vol.2.


    Myza celebensis 1894 ....; 2005.10.16

    Caprimulgus centralasicus

    Not in Peters Checklist Vol.4.


    Chlamydera cerviniventris page number

    Ptilorrhoa castanonota 1876

    Peters Checklist Vol.10 p.237 has 1875; but see Poggi R, 1996.


    Loriculus catamene 1871

    Richmond, et al. 1992 show this date as 1871, contra 1873 as in Peters Checklist 3:258.


    Catharus 1850

    Peters Checklist 10:164 has 1851. See Browning and Monroe, 1991.


    Chiroxiphia caudata authour
    Myza celebensis 1894
    Ceuthmochares 1862
    Ptilonopus chalcurus 1860 ....;2005.04.27
    Centropus chalybeus 1876

    Synallaxis cherriei citation page

    Both p.2 and p.3 are given as the citation for this species.


    Pipreola chlorolepidota 1838

    Usually listed as 1837, but see Browning and Monroe, 1991.


    Geotrygon chrysia

    Though this name is widely used, Richmond, et al. 1992 consider it a nomen nudem.


    Ptilinopus cinctus 1809 ....; 2005.04.20
    Xenus cinereus 1775
    Pseudoscops clamator 1808
    Caprimulgus climacurus 1824 ....;2004.05.03
    Cenmophilus Appendix

    Trogon comptus

    Not in Peters Checklist Vol. 5.


    Tijuca condita

    Not in Peters Checklist Vol.8.


    Afropavo congensis

    Not in Peters Checklist Vol.2.


    Leptotila conoveri

    Not in Peters Checklist Vol.3.


    Scytalopus caracae
    Scytalopus canus

    Colmba corensis

    Not in Peters Checklist Vol.3.


    Corvinella 1830
    Elvira cupreiceps
    Campylopterus curvipennis author

    Deppe


    Phaeochroa cuvierii parentheses
    Motacilla cinerea ....;2007.03.17; 2008.07.01
    Rhiphidura cockerelli Citation
    Colaptes 1825 ....; 2004.02.09
    Caridonax
    Contopus (Muscicapa > Nuttalornis)
    Contopus cooperi ....; 2004.11.14

    Caracara vs. Polyborus

  • Often listed as Polyborus plancus, and this is used by Griffiths in her treatment of the Falconidae, which I otherwise follow here.
    Griffiths CS. 1999. Phylogeny of the Falconidae inferred from molecular and morphological data. Auk 116(1):116-130..
  • However, I agree with the interpretation of Banks RC, Dove CJ. 1992. The Generic Name for Crested Caracaras. Proc.Biol.Soc.Wash. 105(3):420-425.. In this, they argue that Polyborus Vieillot, 1816, is based on a type of uncertain, and in their opinion, indeterminate identity.
  • The 1998 AOU Checklist follows this and is contra Griffiths.

    I wrote Griffiths (99.01.28) to see if she had additional information here, or an opinion on Polyborus vs Caracara. Her response indicates she had changed Polyborus to Caracara in the proofs, but this change was not able to be included.

    She also notes:
    "HOWEVER - if Caracara plancus and Ibycter americanus are sister taxa, the name Caracara will be sunk. I am currently acquiring samples of all species and subspecies within the Caracarini to resolve relationships of the caracaras." in litt. Email 99.02.03


    Cacatua vs Kakatoe Cuvier

  • Peters Checklist Vol.3 p.173 uses Kakatoe Cuvier 1800, commenting in a footnote that it "Replaces Cacatua Vieillot of Sharpe's Hand-list."
  • Sibley & Monroe use Cacatua following Wolters.
  • Wolters (1975:68) says: '"Kakatoe" Cuv., 1800 ist ein nomen suppressum'.
  • To date I have not found such a suppressing action by the ICZN, but follow Wolters and Sibley & Monroe here.

    A discussion of the phylogeny of this group Brown DM, Toft CA. 1999. Molecular Systematics and Biogeography of the Cockatoos. Auk. 116(1):141-157. uses Cacatua and does not refer to Kakatoe.

    Colin Jones tells me the Australian C/L has a note saying see Mayr, Keast and Serventy 1964 Bull.Zool.Nom.21(5) for use of this name


    Lanius colluroides 1832

    Peters Checklist Vol.9 p.347 has 1834. Sherborn, Richmond, and the history of publication of this work indicate it was published in Aug. of 1832.


    Cichlopsis 1850

    Peters Checklist Vol.10 p.89 has 1851. See {Browning and Monroe, 1991}.


    Muscicapa cassini 1860

    Peters Checklist Vol.11 p.331 has 1859. The Richmond Index indicates this was not published until after Jan 22, 1860.


    Thamnolaea cinnamomeiventris Citation

    Peters Checklist Vol.10 p.120 gives "Rev.Zool." (sic). The journal is Mag.Zool.


    Acridotheres cristatellus Citation

    I see no reason not to cite the 10th edition here, and in this am consistent with the AOU Checklist 7th ed.


    Cistothorus 1850

    Peters Checklist Vol.9 p.391 has 1851. See {Browning and Monroe, 1991}.


    Andropadus curvirostris 1859

    Glaucidium costaricanum

    As a subpecies in Peters Checklist Vol.4 p.130.

    Considered by Robbins and Styles Auk 116 p.313, 1999 to be part of a superspecies with G. nubicola,costaricanum, and gnoma.


    Chrysothlypis chrysomelaena spelling ....;2007.05.19
    Andropadus 1859
    Chlorocichla 1882
    Phyllastrephus cabanisi 1882 ....; initial note prior to 2004; edited 2008.12.02; 2010.03.27

    Caracara cheriway Concept

  • Not in Sibley and Monroe as a species.
  • Listed in Peters Checklist Vol.1 as subspecies.
  • See Dove and Banks. 1999. A Taxonomic study of the Crested Caracaras. The Wilson Bulletin 111(3):330-339. for a discussion of Caracara taxonomy, and the recommendation for elevation to species status.

    Anas chlorotis

  • Peters Checklist Vol.1 affords subspecies status.
  • Kennedy and Spencer 2000. "Phylogeny, Biogeography, and Taxonomy of Australasian Teals" Auk 117:154-163 . argue for elevation to full specific status, based on DNA, morphological, and behavioural data.

    Ptilinopus chalcurus

  • The original description reads: (formatting follows original)
     PTILONOPUS CHALCURUS			B.M.
    
     Ptilononpus chalcurus, G. R. GRAY.
    
     Cook's Islands (Harvey or Hervey Island).
     Very similar to the Ptilonopus coralensis, but the front and top
    of the head shining greyish-purple.
    
  • It is of some interest that Gray lists his name following the taxon, in contrast to the other two taxa that are nomina nova in this work.
  • The letters "B.M." are thus described in the Preface: "This species contained in the Museum Collection, from one or other of the localities noticed, are exemplified by the letters B.M."
    Criniger chloronotus 1859 ....;2008.12.04
    Inezia caudata
    Ara chloropterus spelling ....; 2006.02.04
    Forpus crassirostris

    In the past referred to as Forpus xanthopterygius.

    Collar, in Handbook of Birds of the World Vol.4 states "...F. xanthopterygius was shown in 1905 to have been applied to an immature Brotogeris chiriri, but which was mistakenly reinstated in 1945, when present species was separated from F. passerinus."


    Odontospiza caniceps generic placement

    Thanks to Norbert Bahr for bringing this to my attention.

    More thanks yet to Normand David for pointing out the problem here.
    His comments (slightly edited) are:
    All mannikins are treated in Lonchura Sykes 1832, which has priority over all other genera.
    Except that nana is maintained in Lemuresthes Wolters, 1949, a replacement name for Lepidopygia (see Peters XIV: 369-370).

    But now Spermestes is lumped into Lonchura, and cucullata is the type species of Spermestes, now called Lonchura cucullata.

    Then I think that it is not possible to use Spermestes as a distinct genus from Lonchura for only caniceps Reichenow, 1879, when cucullata -the type species- is not included.

    If caniceps alone is not placed in Lonchura, then the correct name would be Odontospiza caniceps (Reichenow, 1879) because caniceps is the type species of Odontospiza -see Peters XIV: 368.

    [End of N. David's comment]

    All this makes sense to me, suggesting Spermestes can not stand as the genus group name.


    Pteroptochos castaneus Sytematics
    Carduelis corsicana ....;2007.03.18; 2007.03.27; 2008.07.17

    Conuropsis carolinensis Extinct

    The last known individual of this species died on February 21, 1918 in the Cincinnati Zoological Gardens, Ohio.


    Eupherusa cyanophrys

    Not in Peters Checklist Vol. 5.


    Cryptosylvicola Sytematics

    Placement with the family is uncertain, and no authority should be afforded my locating it between Randia and Newtonia. This speculative placement is based on a suggestion from Paul Salaman. Further work is being done on the genetic relationships, and I expect it's placement to change.

    Ibis 138(2): 153-159. 1996..


    Otus capnodes

    See Rasmussen PC, Schulenberg TS, Hawkins F and Voninavoko R. 2000. "Geographic variation in the Malagasy Scops-Owl (Otus rutilus auct.): the existence of an unrecognized species on Madagascar and the taxonomy of other Indian Ocean taxa. BBOC. 120:75-102.

    The name is derived from the greek word for "smoky".

    The type is felt (by Richmond) to be either in the Norwich museum or in the Cambridge museum.
    Rasmussen et al. consider all the Cambridge museum examples to be syntypes, and the Norwich museum example to be the selected type.


    Parus carpi systematics

    Treated by Peters Checklist as a subspecies of Parus niger. While it may be more associated with Parus leucomelas. Clancy (1995( presents morphologic and geographic arguments in support of his separation as a full speciess. (First presented by him in 1980, but now with additional data to support.) Clancy PA. Taxonomic relationships in Namibian Black Tit Parus spp. 1995. BBOC 115(3):181-185.


    Cleptornis systematics

    Slikas et al. show genetic evidence that argue Cleptornis is a the sister clade to Zosterops (at least the ones in their study). Slikas B, Jones IB, Derrickson SR, Fleischer RC. Phylogenetic relationships of Micronesian White-eyes based on mitochondrial sequence data. 2000. Auk 117(2):355-365.


    Certhilauda chauna systematics

    Based on morphologic, genetic and geographic data, Ryan and Bloomer have revised the Long-billed Lark complex. The position of C. chauna is not resolved. Ryan PR, Bloomer P. The Long-Billed Lark complex: A species mosaic in southwestern Africa. 1999. Auk 116(1):194-208.


    Odontophorus columbianus Citation

    Peters Checklist Vol.2 p.55 lists Gould's name in parntheses, though he described this bird in Odontophorus.

    Thanks to Colin Jones for bringing this to my attention.


    Leucippus chionogaster Systematics

    Often placed in Amazilia.
    Karl Schuchmann's student A.A. Weller at Institut und Museum Konig in Bonn. has been working on the group. He states in HBW vol.5 p.593 that "morphology, behaviour, and biogeography" argue for inclusion in Leucippus.


    Otus cooperi Systematics

    Described in Scops. Recognized as a full species by the AOU CL 7th ed. and HBW vol.5.


    Otus colombianus Systematics

    Recognized as a full species by HBW vol.5 p.179, though its distinctness from O. ingens is "still debated".
    HBW erroneously indicates Traylor as having described the bird as a full species of Otus. He desccribed it as a subspecies of Otus ingens


    Bubo cinerascens Systematics

    HBW 5:188 indicates that while this is usually treated as conspecific with B. africanus the difference in plumage and bare-part colors, and the fact that it does not interbreed in areas of overlap indicate full species status.


    Strix chacoensis Systematics

    HBW 5:201 states it it is usually treated as a race of S. rufipes, but it differs in voice, plumage and morphology.


    Glaucidium cobanense Systematics

    HBW vol.5 p.211 states that separation from G. gnoma "perhaps currently unwarranted as vocalizations undescribed."


    Asio clamator Systematics

    Placed by Peters Checklist vol.4 p.166 in a monospecific genus Rhinoptynx Kaup 1851.
    Placed by Sibley & Monroe in Pseudoscops.
    HBW vol.5 p.239 places it in Asio and says recent DNA studies support this.


    Anser canagicus Spelling

    Otus collari Note

    In the index of HBW vol.5 they list this bird as appearing on p.165; in fact it is on p.167.


    Cacatuidae Systematics

    See HBW vol.4.
    Also Brown DM, Toft CA. 1999. Molecular systematics and biogeography of the Cockatoos (PSITTACIFORMES: CACATUIDAE). AUK 116(1):141-157.


    Chaetocercus Systematics

    In HBW vol.4 T. Zucher merges Acestrura into Chaetocercus arguing that there is no evidence based on external morphology to maintain as separate.
    Previously:

  • Acestrura Gould 1861 Intr.Trochil. p.91

    Clamator Systematics

    Species jacobinus and levaillantii are often placed in Oxylophus, which R.B. Payne in HBW vol.4 does not recognize.


    Cochlearius cochlearius Spelling

    Spelt cochlearia by Sibley & Monroe, cochlearius by most others. David N & Gosselin M. 2000. "The supposed significance of originally capitalized species-group names." BBOC. 120(4):263 discuss this issue in detail and indicate that the name is not a Latin noun, but is a Latin adjectival name and is cochlearius as it is a Latin adjectival, not a noun.


    Procellaria conspicillata status

    Procellaria conspicillata appears to be distinct. A case (plumage and voice differences) is made by Ryan, P. G. 1998. The taxonomic and conservation status of the Spectacled Petrel Procellaria conspicillata. Bird Conservation International 8: 223-235.


    Glossopsita concinna Citation

    The citational details here are a bit confusing. The citation in Peters Vol.3 is:

  • Glossopsitta concinna (Shaw) 1791 Nat.Misc. 3 p.[57] pl.[sig.H]
    HBW vol.3 lists "p.57". I follow the Richmond index here.

  • Larus canus Systematics

    Pycnopygius cinereus 1874

    Peters Checklist 12:402 (Finn Salomensen) lists this as 1873. The Richmond Index shows that it was published in Apr. 1874.


    Pachycephala caledonica 1789

    Peters Checklist 12:31 (Mayr) has 1788.
    The Richmond Index Muscicapa calidonica has "1788" with last "8" crossed out and "9" written in.


    Irena cyanogastra Spelling

  • Peters Checklist 9:308 spells this I. cyanogaster
  • Vigors originally published it as I. chyanaogastra.

    Normand David writes (2001.03.10):
    The genus name Irena is feminine, being the latinized Greek word Eirene with a feminine Latin ending (ICZN 1999, Art. 30.1.3). The original name Irena cyanogastra Vigors, 1831, must remain as is, and should not be changed to "I. cyanogaster". The full explication is very complicated; it is part of a long paper now submitted to the BBOC, and accepted. Will be published in late 2001 or early 2002. In short: cyanogastra is the feminine form of the latinized Greek adjectival word kuanogastros [blue-bellied].


    Malaconotus cruentus Citation ....;2007.08.16
    Alcedo cyanopectus Spelling

    Spelt Alcedo cyanopecta, by Sibley & Monroe p.87, HBW 6:235, had Alcedo cyanopectus, Peters 5:179 has Ceyx cyano-pectus.


    Coracias caudatus Spelling

    Often spelt Coracias caudata, however as noted in HBW 6:371-2, Coracias is masculine.


    Emberiza calandra systematics

    Conventionally listed in the monotypic genus:

  • Miliaria Brehm,CL 1831 Handb.Naturgesch.Vog.Deutschl. p.290 based on the work of Vous 1977. Ibis 119:376-406. The separation was based on its being the largest bunting, with the least distinct plumage. It differs from other Emberiza in a having a curved tomia to the bill, having a complete post-juvenile molt, and being sexually dimorphic in size, but not color.

    However,

  • skeletal analysis failed to support a separation from Emberiza (Webster & Webster. 1999. Auk 116: 1054-1074).
  • Studies of the mitochondrial control region DNA-sequences also fail to support separation from Emberiza (Lee PLM, Richardson LJ & Bradbury RB. 2001. "The phylogenetic status of the Corn Bunting Milaria calandra based on mitochondrial control-region DNA sequences." Ibis. 143 p.299-303).

    Therefore, until further work is available, I place calandra back in Emberiza. Though it must be noted that Emberiza is characterized by Webster & Webster as "amorphous and unwieldy". More revisions can be expected.


    Lysurus castaneiceps 1860

  • Listed by Peters 13:208 (Paynter) as 1859.
  • This portion of the Proceedings was published in 1860.
    Cyanopicta Citation ....;2006.04.08
    Tregellasia captio Date
    Orthotomus cuculatus Spelling
    Chloropsis cochinchinensis Date
    Hirundinapus celebensis 1866
    Pternistis capensis Citation
  • Peters Checklist 2:77 gives the page number as p."795"
  • The Richmond Index gives p.759.
  • The Catalogue of Birds in the British Museum XX (Ogilvie-Grant) gives p.759 (p.174) for Tetrao nudicollis Gmelin.
  • It appears that Peters' "795" is a transposition.
    Myiophobus cryptoxanthus Date
    Anurolimnas castaneiceps Date
  • Peters Checklist 2:181 gives a date of 1868.
  • HBW 3:156 (PB Taylor) gives a date of 1868.
  • Sharpe Cat.BirdsBrit.Mus. 22 p.88 gives 1868.
  • The Richmond Index gives a date of Apr. 1869.
  • Duncan's 1937 listing of dates of Publication of the PZS gives March 1869.
  • I follow the Richmond Index and Duncan here.
    Bycanistes cylindricus Concept
  • Peters 5:269 lists B. albotibialis as a subspecies of B. cylindricus
  • Sibley & Monroe list as a full species in Ceratogymna
    Cacatua Citation.
  • Cacatua Brisson Orn. 4 1760 p.204,206 is not available as a binomial name.
  • Thanks to Steven Gregory for explaining this.

  • Myiarchus cephalotus Date
  • Peters Checklist 8:200 (Traylor) lists the date as 1879.
  • Duncan and the Richmond Index show that this was published in April of 1880.
    Cisticola gender Nomenclature
  • Many specific names were formed, or used with the understandable expectation that the gender of Cisticola was feminine.
  • The ICZN rules are clear: ( ICZN, 1999 p.34)
  • "30.1.1 a genus-group name that is or ends in a Latin word takes the gender given for that word in standard Latin dictionaries; if it is a compound word fromed from two or more components, the gender is given by the final component (in the case of a noun, the gender of that noun; in the case of any other component, sucha as a Latin suffix, the gender appropriate to that component);"
  • In this case the component in question is -cola.
  • The Oxford Latin Dictionary (Glare, ed.) 1982 p.349 gives:
    "-cola ~ae, m. suff. From COLO + A; denotes one who inhabits, tills, or worships."
  • Hence Cisticola is a male gender genus-group name; nana becomes nanus, incana to incanus &c.
    Ptilorrhoa caerulescens Date
    Cotinga Citation
    Anas carolinensis Concept
    Aramides cajaneus Nomenclature. 2011.10.16
    Comments&Suggestions to Data Steward
    Alan P. Peterson, M.D.
    POB 1999
    Walla Walla, WA 99362-0999

    Last updated 2014.04.07 (2002.01.16)